Shipment and handling package types

List of methods for shipment and handling packages of surface mount devices (SMD) and some through-hole devices (THD) are:

Tape and Reel

The most used method for shipment and handling SMD packages is Tape and Reel.It is used for shipment of almost all SMD packages such as: CHIP, BGA, SOIC, SOP, QFN , QFP, SOT etc.

Standard Tape and Reel width Dimensions are 8mm, 12mm, 16mm, 24mm, 32mm, 44m, 56mm.

Standard Tape and Reel Diameter (Size) Dimensions are 178mm (7 inches), 330mm (13 inches), 360mm (14.173 inches).


Picture 1: Tape and Reel Package


Tubes (also called stick magazines) are one of the first types of shipment packages. They are used for both SMD and THD components.


Picture 2: Tube Package


Trays are used for shipment and handling SMD packages. Tray’s advantage in regards to tube packages is that they protect balls and leads from mechanical and electrical damage.

Standard Tray Dimension by JEDEC is 322.6 x 136mm (12.7 x 5.35 inches)

There are 2 standard JEDEC tray thicknesses:

1. Low profile of 6.35mm (0.25 inch) suitable for BGA, CSP, QFP, TQFP, SQFP, TSQFP, QFN, SOP, TSOP, TSSOP and SOIC

2. High profile of 10.16mm (0.4 inch) suitable for CERAMIC QUAD, PGA, and PLCC


Picture 3: Tray Package


It is widely used for some through-hole components.


Picture 4: Bulk Package

Die and Wafer

Wafer is a slice of semiconductor material, such as silicon crystal. It is used for production of semiconductor devices and integrated circuits.


Picture 3: Die and Wafer

Useful links of Tape and Reel Specifications by Manufacturers

Useful links of Tape and Reel Specifications by Manufacturers are listed below:

Analog Devices

On Semiconductor






Supertex Inc.

Linear Technology

Texas Instrumetns


Useful links of Packing Methodology

Useful links of Packing Methodology published by:

Texas Instrumetns

Tutorials in the category: PCB Design

  • Difference between the component (top) and the bottom side view
  • How to design a cheaper PCB?
  • Package outlines review and useful links
  • Shipment and handling package types
  • What is a Fiducial Mark